Power in the present era of industrialization is the need of the hour for every country. Power plays a vital role in developing a country as it facilitates development in various sectors of the economy like agriculture, industries, railways, etc.
The Indian Power Sector is one of the most important sectors in the country and play a crucial role in the development of the country. The Indian Power Sector grew manifold in the last few decades and at present, the total power generation capacity is more than 2.75 Lakh MW.
State, Cental and Private sectors have a significant contribution to the power sector in the country. Private Power Generation Companies holds a share of more than 38% and State Sector contribute more than 34% of the total power generated in the country.
There are many power generation companies in India that work round the clock to ensure continuous supply of power in the country. This post describes about the Top 10 Largest Power Generation Companies in India:
10. SJVN Limited
10th position on this list is occupied by SJVN Limited, a Mini Ratna: Category-I status company incorporated in the year 1988. The company is a joint venture between the Government of Himachal Pradesh and Government of India and owns Nathpa Jhakri Hydropower Station.
Nathpa Jhakri Hydropower Station is located on the river Sutlej and has a capacity of 1,500 MW. The power generated by this project is allocated to North Indian states like Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, etc.
Talking about the performance of the company then it is a fast growing player in power sector and in the last financial year, the total revenue generated by the company was more than Rs 3,200 Crore. Also, the company earned a profit of over Rs 1,600 Crore.
Capacity: 1,500 MW
9. Jaiprakash Power Ventures Limited
Jaiprakash Power Ventures Limited with a capacity of 1,700 MW stand at 9th position in the list of top 10 largest power generation companies in India. A Part of Jaypee Group, Jaiprakash Power Ventures Limited (JPVL) was established in the year 1994 and operates 3 hydroelectric pojects in the country.
The company has future plan of expanding power geneartion to 13,470 MW by the year 2019. To accomplish this task, the company has acquired many thermal plants in the country and also started hydropower projects in Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.
Capacity: 1,700 MW
8. Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited
Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited is a Navratna status company engaged in lignite mining and power generation. Established in the year 1956, Neyveli Lignite Corporation operates three thermal power stations in Neyveli, Tamil Nadu and one thermal power station in Barsingsar, Rajasthan.
Also, the company operates four lignite mines with a total capacity of over 30 Million Tonnes per annum. Talking about the performance of the company in the last financial year then the company generated
Capacity: 2,740 MW
7. JSW Energy Limited
JSW Energy Limited with a capacity of 3,140 MW has occupied 7th position in the list of top 10 largest power generation companies in India. JSW Energy Limited operates three thermal power plants in the country, which are located in Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
Capacity: 3,140 MW
6. Torrent Power
A part of Torrent Group, Torrent Power is another private power generation company, which was incorporated in the year 1996. The company operates three thermal power project and one wind power project in Gujarat.
The company has a total capacity of 3,202 MW, which is supplied to over 28 Lakh customers in many cities in Gujarat. Apart from power generation, Torrent Power is also engaged in power transmission and power distribution.
Capacity: 3,202 MW
5. Reliance Power
Reliance Power with a capacity of 6,000 MW is next on this list, which is a part of the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group. Reliance Power operates three thermal power projects, one solar power project and one wind power project in the country.
Capacity: 6,000 MW
4. NHPC Limited
Incorporated in the year 1975, NHPC Limited is a Mini Ratna Category-I company engaged in the production and development of hydroelectric power. NHPC Limited operates 20 hydropower stations and 4 hydropower stations are under construction.
Capacity: 18,386 MW
3. Adani Power
Adani Power is another leading private power producing company, which was established in the year 1996. Adani Power is a part of the Adani Group, one of the largest business groups in India with business in diverse domains.
Adani Power operates 4 thermal power stations in the country, which are located in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Karnataka. Apart from these power plants, Adani Power has 4 new power projects, which are under implementation.
Capacity: 8,620 MW
2. Tata Power
A part of Tata Group, Tata Power with a capacity of 8,669 MW stand at 2nd in the list of top 10 largest power generation companies in India. Tata Power is a leading power generation company, which was established in the year 1911.
Out of 8,669 MW, 7285 MW is generated from thermal power projects and rest is generated from solar power project and hydropower project. The company has power projects located in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jharkhand and Himachal Pradesh. Apart from India, Tata Power operates in many other countries like Bhutan, Singapore, South Africa, etc.
Capacity: 8,669 MW
1. NTPC Limited
Among all power generation companies in India, NTPC Limited is the indisputable leader with a contribution to over 25% in the total power generation in the country. NTPC Limited is a Maharatna Status company, which was established in the year 1975.
NTPC Limited operates 18 thermal power projects and 7 gas based power projects in India. Headquartered in New Delhi, NTPC has a plan to increase the capacity to 128 GW by 2032.
Capacity: 45,548 MW
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited is a Navratana status company incorporated in the year 1989 and engaged in transmission and distribution of power in the country. The company is a leading power transmission company in the country and transmits 50% of the total power generated in the country.
Headquartered in Gurgaon, Haryana, Power Grid Corporation of India Limited operates more than 1 Lakh circuit kilometres of transmission lines and over 190 sub-stations in the country. Apart from India, Power Grid has operations in many countries like Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, UAE, etc.