National Parks are protected areas in our country, which were established for conservation of wildlife and the environment. The history of national park dates back to the year 1936, when the first national park, Hailey National Park was established.
Hailey National Park at present is known as Jim Corbett National Park, which is situated in Uttarakhand.
There are more than 100 national parks in India, which covers an area of more than 39,000 square kilometres. In this post, we have compiled the list of Top 10 Largest National Parks in India:
10. Kaziranga National Park, Assam
10th position on this list is occupied by Kaziranga National Park, a national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for one-horned rhinoceroses. Great One Horned Rhinoceroses is a vulnerable animal specie and found only in this national park.
The area of Kaziranga National Park is surrounded by the River Brahmaputra, which makes this area rich in fertile alluvial soil. Due to the presence of fertile soil, Kaziranga National Park is rich in flora.
Apart from One Horned Rhinoceroses, Kaziranga National Park has a wide variety of animal species and some of them are wild water buffalo, leopard cat, wild boar, hispid hare and golden jackal.
Area: 858.98 km²
9. Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
Established in the year 1974, Bandipur National Park has occupied ninth position in the list of top 10 largest national parks in India. Spread in an area of 874 square kilometres, Bandipur National Park is a tiger reserve, which was established in the year 1974.
Bandipur National Park is located in the Chamarajanagar district in Karnataka, where the Deccan Plateau and Western Ghats meet. As a result of this location, Bandipur National Park has a dense deciduous forest, which offers a great diversity in flora and fauna.
Apart from tigers, Bandipur National Park has a wide range of animal, that include elephants, jackals, sloth bears, langurs, antelopes, etc.
Area: 874.2 km²
8. Papikonda National Park, Andhra Pradesh
Papikonda National Park with an area of 1,012.86 square kilometres is next on this list. Located in Andhra Pradesh, Papikonda National Park is a home of animal of different species like leopard, bison, wild water buffalo, tiger, etc.
Area: 1,012.86 km²
7. Indravati National Park, Chhattisgarh
Indravati National Park of Chhattisgarh has an area of more than 1,250 square kilometres and placed at seventh position in the list of top 10 largest national parks in India. Located in Bijapur, Chhattisgarh, Indravati National Park became National Park in the year 1981.
Due to its location, the national park offers a great diversity in flora and fauna. Some of animals found in this national park are Nilgai, Tigers, Sambhar, Leopards, Hyenas and Black Buck.
Area: 1,258.37 km²
6. Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal
Sundarbans National Park of West Bengal is next on this list, which was established in the year 1984. Sundarbans National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which is a part of Sundarban delta.
The national park have dense mangrove forests, which serves as a home to a wide variety of animals, birds and reptiles. It is famous for Royal Bengal Tiger, which are more than 400 in this national park.
Area: 1,330.10 km²
5. Sanjay National Park, Chhattisgarh
Sanjay National Park of Chhattisgarh with an area of 1,440.71 square kilometres is ranked fifth in the list of top 10 largest national parks in India. Sanjay National Park has dense sal forests and a home of a wide variety of animals like tiger, leopard, neelgai and sambhar deer.
Area: 1,440.71 km²
4. Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
With an area of 1807.82 square kilometres, Namdapha National Park is the fourth largest national park in India. Located in Arunachal Pradesh, Namdapha National Park has lowland evergreen rainforests, which is generally found in area with high rainfall and high humidity.
Due to the presence in a large area, Namdapha National Park is a home to a great diversity of flora and fauna. The national park is famous for the presence of four big cat species, which are Tigers, Snow Leopards, Leopards and Clouded Leopards.
Apart from cat species, the national park also has a diversity of animal species, which include wolves, bears, musk deer, capped langurs, marbled cat and dholes. Also, Namdapha National Park is a home to various endangered species, which include white-winged wood duck, green cochoa, blue eared kingfisher and hornbill.
Area: 1,807.82 km²
3. Gangotri National Park, Uttarakhand
Gangotri National Park of Uttarakhand is the third largest national park of the country. Located in Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand, Gangotri National Park has a wide cover of coniferous forest, which is grown in areas with cool climate.
The national park not only have a wide variety of flora but also have a diverse fauna. Some of the animals found in this national park are black bear, koklass, brown bear and musk deer.
Area: 2,390.02 km²
2. Desert National Park, Rajasthan
Desert National Park with an area of 3,162 square kilometres stand at second position in the list of top 10 largest national parks in India. It is a perfect example of desert ecosystem and more than 20% of the national park comprises of sand dunes.
The national park is a home for many migratory and resident birds. Eagles, kestrels, falcons and vultures are some of the birds found in this national park.
Area: 3,162 km²
1. Hemis National Park , Jammu and Kashmir
With an area of 3,350 square kilometres, Hemis National Park is the largest national park in India. Located in Jammu and Kashmir, Hemis National Park is famous for Snow Leopard in the world.
Bounded by the banks of the Indus River, Hemis National Park was established in the year 1981. The national park is a home of rare snow leopards and about 200 snow leopards are present in this national park.
Area: 3,350 km²