India is a leader in production of various agricultural products and coconut is one of them. India is the 3rd largest coconut producing country in the world with an annual production of more than 21,500 Million Tonnes Nuts.
Coconut is an important agricultural product and grown in over 70 countries in the world. Coconut trees are tall and can grow up to 30 metres. Coconut is grown in different types of soil and need hot climate with high rainfall to grow.
Coconut is grown in a large area in India in an area of more than 21 Lakh Hectares. India also has a good productivity with a productivity of more than 10,000 Nuts per hectare. Coconut is produced in more than 15 states and union territories in India. Among all coconut producing states, Tamil Nadu stands on top with a share of more than 31% of the total coconut produced in India.
Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the leading coconut producing states in India and these states account for more than 90% of the total coconut produced in the country. This post describes about the top 10 largest coconut producing states in India:
|S.No||State||Productivity (Nuts/Hectare)||Area (Lakh Hectare)||Production (Million Nuts)|
10th position on this list is occupied by Assam, which produced 136.61 Million Nuts. A large area in Assam is under coconut plantation, which is more than 20,000 hectares. Coconut is grown in more than 25 districts in Assam and out of them, Barpeta leads in the production of coconut with a production of more than 24 Million Nuts.
Barpeta, Nalbari, Nagaon and Golaghat are the major coconut producing regions in Assam. Barpet also leads in terms of productivity and has a productivity of more than 12,900 nuts per hectare.
Production: 136.61 Million Nuts
With a production of 141.42 Million Nuts, Bihar has occupied 9th place in the list of top 10 largest coconut producing states in India. Bihar has emerged a new non- traditional area for coconut production and with each passing year, the total coconut production is increasing.
Production: 141.42 Million Nuts
Like Bihar, Maharashtra is also emerging as a new non-traditional coconut producing area and emerged as a leading coconut producing state in the country. Maharashtra has shown a high growth rate of more than 15% as compared to the last financial year.
The area under coconut cultivation accounts a significant part of the cultivable land, which is more than 28,000 hectares. Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri and Raigad are some of the coconut producing regions in the state.
Production: 187.47 Million Nuts
Gujarat is next on this list, which has more than 31,000 hectares under coconut plantation. Junagadh, Bhavnagar, Valsad and Kutch are the major coconut producing states in India.
Production: 295.03 Million Nuts
Agriculture is an important source of employment in Odisha with more than 60% of the total population engaged in agricultural activities. Also, Agriculture in Odisha account for more than 16% of the total GSDP.
Coconut is an important agricultural crop, which is grown in more than 50,000 hectares of land. Puri, Cuttack, Ganjam, Khurda and Jajpur are some of the coconut producing states in India.
Production: 324.93 Million Nuts
5. West Bengal
West Bengal with a production of 370.83 Million Nuts is ranked 5th in the list of top 10 largest coconut producing states in India.
Murshidabad, Howrah, Burdwan and Midnapore are the main coconut producing regions in the state.
Production: 370.83 Million Nuts
4. Andhra Pradesh
Next on this list is Andhra Pradesh, which produces more than 1,800 Million Nuts every year. Coconut is planted in a large number in the state, which serves as an important source of employment.
Coir Pith, a byproduct of coconut, which was previously considered a waste has now emerged as a new source of livelihood for many farmers. East Godavari is the leading coconut producing district in the state and also emerged as a centre of coir pith brick industry.
Coir Pith is a good source of cellulose and lignin and has a high capacity of storing water. Due to its high water storing capacity, it finds application in horticulture and bricks making.
Production: 1,828.46 Million Nuts
Karnataka is the third largest coconut producing state and account for more than 23% of total coconut produced in the country. Coconut is an important horticultural crop and occupy more than 5 Lakh hectares of land under plantation.
About 60% of the total coconut produced in the state is exported to other states of the country. Some of the states to which, coconut is exported are Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab and Maharashtra.
Production: 5,041.15 Million Nuts
Kerala with a production of over 5,900 Million Nuts stand on 2nd place in the list of top 10 largest coconut producing states in India. More than 10 districts in Kerala grow coconut and out of them, Kozhikode leads is the highest coconut producer with a production of more than 940 Million Nuts.
Coconut tree is present in a large number in many cities of Kerala and also coconut industry provide ample job opportunities. Coconut tree find application in various sectors and are used for making oil, baskets, doormats, etc.
Kerala contribute more than 27% in the total coconut production in the country. Some of the major coconut producing regions in the state include Kozhikode, Malappuram, Kannur and Thrissur.
Production: 5,968.01 Million Nuts
1. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is the largest coconut producing state in India with a contribution of more than 31% in the total coconut production in India. Coconut is grown in a large area with an area of more than 4.65 Lakh Hectares under coconut plantation.
Coconut is grown in more than 25 districts in Tamil Nadu, which contribute in the coconut production in the state. Among all coconut producing districts in Tamil Nadu, Coimbatore is the largest coconut producer with a production of more than 1,200 Million Nuts.
Talking about productivity then Tamil Nadu has a productivity of more than 14,000 nuts per hectare. In terms of productivity, Krishnagiri stands on top among all districts with a productivity of more than 18,000 nuts per hectare.
Production: 6,917.25 Million Nuts